Maximum usability at the minimum area combined bathroom. 3-4m,2 set aside in a small apartment for solutionsbig and small problems, do not leave room for the imagination. I wish that such an important area for everyday life does not look the elevator car. If it is not a cosmetic repair combined bathroom, but first and foremost a serious redevelopment and transformation into a comfortable room for personal use, it is necessary to work seriously with photos combined bath after the actual repair.
No matter how beautiful were not design solutions in advertising, offering repair combined bathroom turnkey, real solutions in practice differ from the journal searchlights.
Among the variety of universal design solutions walls and ceiling the most practical options for repair are:
- The use of tiles;
- The use of PVC panels;
- The use of water-resistant gypsum board;
- Using the decorative panels of modified wood.
But not always use in the repair of combined bathroom modern quality materials saved from the failed solutions.
Small room combined bathroom in Q3.m or 4 m, made out of quality dark tiles, making the atmosphere heavy. Really, you can evaluate the result of repair and finishing splendor only in the presence of large windows and sunlight, which in small apartments never happened. Replace simulated sunlight lamps fail. Furthermore, the dark surface of the decor shows stronger light contamination and traces of moisture dried.
Before starting the repair should soberly assessopportunities and choose from which can be dispensed with in order to increase the free space in the room combined bathroom. Pay attention to the classical solution of the problem in the picture. Due to the replacement of the bath shower in the center of the combined bathroom turned out quite a large space.
To the best decisions can be attributed to repair combined bathroom:
- Qualitative performance of gender, successfully combines color, without niches and closed units;
- Curtain variants plumbing added space beneath his feet;
- Location of the washing machine in combination bathroom - often just for the sake of this is carried out repairs and alterations to the toilet-bath in a small apartment.
The first option is associated with a large redevelopmentamount of work to change the sewer and water communications in the combined office of a small apartment. Diversity on the opposite wall of the shower and the toilet on one side and a sink with the "stiralka" to another requires time-consuming laying drain pipes in the wall niches, given limitations on their length, which is not always possible in small spaces.
Quality ceramic tile has always beenthe most commonly used material for decoration and renovation of bathrooms. Application of tiles is costly, sometimes reduces the internal volume of the combined toilet, especially when the wall curves requires alignment basis using drywall or plaster carrier.
Alternatively, perhaps combined solution -and wall tile combination trimmed with a water-resistant gypsum board, followed by coating simulating the coarse plaster. What is important is the effect - lower costs and excellent combination of different techniques, which is normal for a small apartment.
Virtually no alternative is an optionlaying tiles on the floor. Bathroom with washing machine, and even more bathroom in a small apartment, has always been and remains a source of potential accidents associated with the strait on the floor of a large amount of water.
To reduce the adverse effects to thelaying the tiles it is advisable to perform a self-leveling floor with waterproofing and raised on the threshold of the front door of 3-4cm. In this case, twenty liters of water poured out of the washing machine will not go beyond the combined bathroom and will not cause a scandal with its neighbors on the floor below.
Special corrugated cover firmly hold the tiles on the basis of not less than 10 years. Advantages of ceramic tiles:
- Easy to clean any cleaning agents;
- High resistance to abrasion and impact of unfavorable microflora;
- Under the influence of moisture, heat and light does not fade and does not emit harmful substances.
The disadvantages are the high cost of the material and professional work on its installation. Placing or pasting tiles is estimated at about half the price of the material.
Although it is difficult to imagine that the owner of a smallapartments for renovation combined bathroom to use the roads Spanish or Italian ceramics of author's work, laying tiles, even in a small space 2h2m area will cost most of the repairs budget.
So often to lower prices without losingquality used inserts from spectacular tile sets, while the more inexpensive monochrome array. In some cases, the tiles are placed only in areas of intense sweating condensation or direct contact with water, replacing the rest of the walls painted in tone water resistant plasterboard.
Budget and most affordable option repair is to use the combined bathroom tiles or panels made of PVC, and a water-resistant drywall.
Both successfully material used for technical purposes - primarily to cover communications and pipelines, isolation valves, taps and meters.
Plates can be glued onto the prepared andsurface treated with adhesive. Such an approach is hardly reduces the internal volume of the bathrooms. In case of registration of decorative boxes used construction frame profile. Then glued plates or panels made of PVC, completely mimic expensive varieties of ceramic or marble tiles. For the combined bathroom is the most affordability option.
The most problematic place in a small bathroomapartments has always been a ceiling. Repair is always uneven surfaces ceiling demanded exceptional means. The ideal solution is a set of problems ceiling made of PVC panels, mounted on a metal frame.
This option has several advantages in repair combined bathroom:
- Easy breathable and retains water vapor;
- Lightweight construction is firmly held by a metal frame;
- Podpotolochnye space easily used for laying additional wiring and pipes.
- Easy to clean, it does not rot, corrosion, warping or sagging.
Panels made of polyvinylchloride can be calleda versatile material that can adjust the appearance of the walls, or even plan bathrooms. From it are made hidden niches for storage of chemicals and hygiene products, screens, covering the space under the bath, air ducts, helping quality ventilate the room combined bathroom.
Excessive moisture from large quantities of waterin the bathroom it requires not just ventilation and create a ventilation system with hidden air vents and electric fan. Without ventilation odors and moisture will be eating into the wall.
Well-established local systemventing that provides 3-4 times the air exchange in the toilet and shower area. During repairs flat wiring ducts to be mounted on the ceiling of a bathroom, closed ceiling panels made of MDF or plasterboard. A more serious modification can provide a stable ventilation throughout the small apartment, and not only combined bathroom.
A more expensive option for the decoration of the ceilingbathrooms are suspended ceilings that give a beautiful appearance, but the cost of installing them, even to the size of the room 3kv.m, obtained unreasonably high, given the status of a small apartment housing.
To all the positive aspects should be addednegative. The device ventilation in the bathroom is such that in the event of a fire outbreak, for example, by shutting wiring or for other reasons, in the bathroom, in the stove, the fire flares up instantly. Therefore, the wiring in the bathroom should be stowed in a special assembly, metal hoses, sleeves. Do not skimp on safety during repair.
Repair of walls and furniture combined bathroom may seem archaic, but very comfortable and practical options, you can create with skill skillful handling of the wood and varnish.
If you do repairs in the bathroom with their hands, thenthe cost of purchasing the material will be low enough to be cost is very expensive handmade wood trim and floor. If you use ready-made solutions - panels made of the modified wood, which is unlikely to repair a small apartment, the cost can exceed the estimate of quality tile laying.
Wood, even under a layer of lacquer, very badperceives constant contact with water, this leads to discoloration, mold growth and warping designs. Therefore repairs combined bathroom use such breed as larch, oak, pine. It is undesirable to use birch or beech. It is possible to produce an analog of the modified wood, covering the cut to repair blanks 5-6 layers of oil varnish with careful drying of each layer within 2-3 days.