People from ancient times tried to find different stoneapplication. With him went hunting, butchered prey, fight enemies, and later began to build safe havens. However, our ancestors were not alien and a sense of beauty, and they began to notice that the stones are beautiful. Thus were born the first design techniques decorating homes and public buildings with stone. There was one problem with it - a lot of weight. The solution was found in ancient Egypt, Babylon, ancient Greece. In those countries, where the high level of development reached architecture. It does not matter who is who borrowed, it is important that these people have learned to make artificial stone. Including on the basis of plaster.
Today we have the opportunity to decorate ourapartments and houses an artificial stone, in shape and coloring closer to natural. This stone is called the wild, ragged and stacking. Gypsum decorative stone anyone afford to produce their own hands, it is quite simple to install and, most importantly, it is affordable.
It is made from the crushed gypsum and water,to which may be added to sand, modifier, surfactant solution (surfactant) pigments. Manufacturing companies use different recipes for the manufacture of a tile, but the basis of these mixtures of plaster and water. Decorative stone can be made in the form of tiles, bricks and natural "wild" stone.
The popularity of decorative stone of plaster due to its remarkable qualities:
The light weight material.
The ability to get different textures and different colors.
Ease of handling.
Good sound and thermal insulation characteristics.
Hygienic and environmentally friendly. Surfaces lined with such material, retain the ability to "breathe."
The positive impact on the atmosphere in the room.
Use in the manufacture of gypsumdecorative stone new modifier makes it possible to improve the quality of natural gypsum. This primarily refers to the strength characteristics, reliability and durability.
Apply plaster decorative stoneindoor and outdoor decoration, they decorate arches, doorways, loggias and balconies, fireplaces. Such finishing material looks good on large and small squares. In small rooms is preferable to spread out the gypsum tile fragments, but not her coat the entire surface of the wall. In the small living room or bedroom wall, completely lined with decorative tiles, will leave a strange impression. So it is better to use a plaster decorative stone in large, spacious rooms.
It considered a classic design with decorative stone fireplaces installation locations.
Gypsum decorative stone blendswith wood, ceramics, decorative plaster and looks great with photo wallpapers. He brings to the thoroughness of the room design, which can be cozy and warm and the solemn and austere. Very impressive look in the interior reception emphasizing using gypsum individual elements - of the walls, columns, podium. It enhances the effect of a combination of smooth and "ragged" surface finishing materials.
In addition to decorative functions, gypsum tilesand is able to perform a utilitarian, including for the protection of the arches and doorways. Gypsum tile, due to its low weight, can be installed on the thin walls and partitions. It does not absorb dirt and dust, tiles are easy to clean.
The cost of finished gypsum decorative stonein the shops of building materials and construction markets is several times lower than the cost of natural stone. However, you have the ability to save, and instead of buying to make plaster decorative stone with their hands. This will require:
Matrix of silicone or polyurethane. The material for the interior and exterior are made using a variety of matrices. Differ on the surface of the matrix and the type of finished product. Hard matrix of plastic and metal is better not buy them a little more complicated to operate. Furthermore, in matrices of soft plaster fill all parts of the relief and the final product will have the desired texture. The solid matrices relief surface, we can not get. In any case, the matrix can be used repeatedly.
The pallet, which can be installed on the matrix. Matrix desirable little shake after pouring the solution to remove air bubbles. several times, so that we do not need a vibrating table is enough to shake the will. The preferred shaking their pre-installing on a pallet.
The table on which we will place the tray with matrices, plastic tanks, components for the preparation of the solution, and finished goods.
Drill two mixing nozzles.
Two plastic containers for the mixture and solution.
The flat brush.
Components for making ornamental stone plaster gypsum, water, sand, modifier, pigment, surfactant solution.
Composition pretreatment silicone matrices. Such a composition of the treated matrices are removed considerably lighter products and improving their performance.
After treatment, the inner surfaces of the matrixspecial composition of the spray gun, the right shade of paint applied with light strokes. Gypsum decorative stone can produce a two- or three-colored. For applying the paint using a flat brush.
In one container pour plaster and sand. In another mix water modifier, a pigment (colored if necessary to receive the entire depth of the product), the surfactant solution. Thoroughly mix the mixing nozzle. Then pour the solution into the vessel with gypsum and continue to interfere with other mixing nozzle.
Ready pour the solution into the matrix, wait forthe solution starts to set and remove the excess with a notched trowel from the matrix. On the back surface of the plaster decorative stone formed the band, so he will have a better adhesion to the surface of the wall.
About half an hour later we extract the finished product from the template and add up on the table. Gypsum stone must still gain strength. The heat treatment for the finished product is not necessary.
Tools and materials required for installation:
- Hacksaw (wood).
- Simple pencil for marking sections of lines.
- Building level.
- Mitre (preferably with high sides) for sawing of decorative stone at an angle of 45 ° and 90 °.
- Two brushes (for paint and varnish).
- Tile adhesive gypsum-based. One bag will require 3-7 m ?.
- Drill with mixing attachment.
- Capacity for the preparation of tile adhesive.
- Primer and a roller.
- Putty. With the help of fillers we zamazhem seams between the joints.
- Kitchen sponges. They are useful for application to the putty joints.
- Paint the seams. When buying decorative stone, the right color of paint are given in the kit. For tiles of plaster, made with your own hands, you will pick up the paint itself. Paint will paint over the seams and places chips (anything can happen in the work).
- Varnish (water based).
The surface of the walls and the back of the tilepre gruntuem. We have about an hour left before the primer has dried. Dilute glue (many do not!) To a thick paste, mix thoroughly. Level check the levelness of the floor tiles laid on the first line, which is applied using a level. Apply glue comb trowel on the wall in a small amount, otherwise it will dry before stacking. Firmly pressed tile excess glue from under them squeezing. Surplus remove the sponge.
Try to lay the first row so thattiles alternated in size and did not happen repetition. If necessary, pick up the tiles of different size. This is an imitation of natural stone, which is in the nature of coincidences does not know. And always check the evenness of masonry.
Pruning in difficult places do a chisel, thentreat sandpaper edge. Angles stabbed to death by a miter box. The tiles must fit tightly to each other. Speel also grind sandpaper. Figured cutting is done on the invoice lines.
Places curly trim, joints and corners are sealedcarefully putty. It is convenient to buy special bags from which to squeeze the putty into the right places. A damp sponge remove the remains so that on the tiles nothing left. After drying putty go through these places with a brush to paint in the color of the tiles. The final touch - a covering plaster decorative stone varnish, water-based. Now, wet cleaning is not afraid of him.
It was the penultimate bar. Stand up, move a couple of meters, and with a weary but satisfied smile masters check their work. It may be worthwhile to tweak a couple of places. All you can invite family and friends - you have earned them compliments.